Optional Practical Training (OPT) is a type of employment authorization for students in F-1 status who wish to engage in off-campus employment in their field of study during and/or after their course of study. No job offer is necessary to apply, but students must meet the eligibility requirements and obtain a new Form I-20 from OIS with an OPT recommendation before being able to apply. Students submit their applications to the USCIS and USCIS will issue an Employment Authorization Document (EAD) to the student. This EAD authorizes the student to engage in temporary employment in their major field of study for up to 12 months anywhere in the US. Most F-1 students at NC State University wish to take advantage of this benefit and will apply for their EAD 2 to 3 months before they graduate.
See OPT Eligibility requirements
- Students must have been enrolled full-time for at least nine months (two consecutive semesters)
- Students must have completed at least one semester at NC State
- Students must be maintaining lawful F-1 status
- Students must be in good academic standing
- Students must be making normal progress toward their degree (or have completed it)
- Students must obtain the recommendation of their Academic Adviser (for undergraduate students) or Director of Graduate Program (for graduate students)
- Students must not have already engaged in full-time OPT for that particular level of study
- Students must have not worked for 12 months or more on full-time Curricular Practical Training (CPT)
- Students must have obtained a new Form I-20 with OPT recommendation from OIS
- Students must seek employment directly related to their major
How to apply to Optional Practical Training
STEP 1: Access the online OPT session at your convenience.
STEP 2: Take a short quiz after the online OPT session.
After the completion of the online OPT session, you will be directed to a quiz. You will need to pass the quiz and print the confirmation email showing successful completion of the OPT session and quiz. This results page is part of your OPT application paperwork.
STEP 3: Complete the OPT Application form.
STEP 4: Meet with an OIS advisor to go over your application.
Bring the required OPT materials listed below to OIS for a revision session on Monday or Thursday at 9:30 a.m. During this session, an OIS advisor will go over the OPT application process, as well as your responsibilities while on OPT. Students who have a question about the OPT application materials may come to OIS to meet with an advisor during the walk-in hours.
In order for OIS to issue the OPT I-20, you must submit the items listed below, during revision session:
- OPT Application Form.
- Copy of the completed OPT Mailing and Responsibilities Form (read, check all boxes, print, sign and date),
- Your quiz results, indicating you passed the online quiz.
- Copy of I-765 (Sample of a completed form I-765) – optional.
Students will receive an e-mail from OIS in 10 business days once the new I-20 has been processed. Collect and sign the new I-20 from OIS when complete. If you would like an OIS advisor to review your application materials before you mail them to USCIS, you should plan to pick up your I-20 during the afternoon walk-in hours, Mondays, Tuesdays, Thursdays and Fridays from 1 p.m. to 2:45 p.m. This is the time when you may meet with an OIS advisor to go over your entire OPT application.
STEP 5: Mail your application to USCIS.
Express mail the completed application to USCIS. USCIS requires that the OPT application include:
- Form G-1145 (optional for students who wish to receive electronic notification that their application has been accepted.)
- Original I-765 (Sample of a completed form I-765) Do not submit the I-765 electronically, print and mail all application materials to USCIS!
- Check or money order for $410 payable to “U.S. Department of Homeland Security” stapled to the first page of your I-765
- Two passport-style photographs. Make sure to meet the photo specifications listed on page 13 of USCIS Instructions for I-765.
- Copy of the OPT I-20 (signed by OIS within 30 days)
- Copies of all previous I-20s
- Photocopies of the I-94 (front and back)
- Photocopy of your most recent visa stamp
- Photocopy of your passport (ID page and/or expiration page). If your visa was stamped in your old, expired passport, send a copy of the ID and/or expiration page of that passport as well.
STEP 6: Do job interviews, if you don’t have a position yet.
Interview with companies while waiting (a job offer is not required to apply and does not expedite an approval.Processing by USCIS can take 2-3 months)
Update your job status with OIS
Once you receive your EAD card from USCIS, submit a scanned copy of the EAD to firstname.lastname@example.org. Update your job information on the OPT Employment Validation form when you start, end employment or have a change in employment situation, address or name:
- To update or verify your employment information, click the “Submit OPT Employment Validation” icon above to access the OPT Employment Validation form.
- If you have multiple employers at one time, you must complete the OPT Employment Validation form for each one of the employers.
- If you change employment, you will need to submit two OPT Employment Validation forms – one to report your new employment and one to indicate the end date of your previous employment.
- You should collect and retain documentation (offer letters, time sheets, etc.) for all employment while on OPT. OIS does not require you to submit this documentation, but you may need it when applying for future benefits or changes of status.
- Once you submit your updated employment information using the OPT Employment Validation form, OIS will update your SEVIS record to reflect your employment.
- OPT employment information can only be entered into SEVIS after your OPT has started. Your records will be updated after your OPT start date.
- You are also responsible for updating your residential address in MyPack portal.
- If you change your immigration status, please send a copy of proof of such change (e.g. USCIS Approval Notice) to OIS>
If you have additional questions regarding OPT, please take a look at our Frequently Asked Questions.