Visa categories vary from position to position based on whether it is a paid or unpaid position and whether the position is temporary or permanent. For many positions, several visa options may be available depending on the applicant’s eligibility, country of citizenship, and whether he or she is already in the U.S. in a particular non-immigrant status. Generally, sponsorship for the J-1 Exchange Visitor visa is the standard for applicants coming directly from outside of the U.S.
It is left primarily to the hiring department to decide the title that will be given to a J-1 exchange visitor. We have listed the main groups of position types at NC State and the suitability of J-1 status for this position:
Positions, temporary in nature
Due to the temporary nature of the J-1 visa, the position with NC State should be temporary in nature. Other possible visa options for temporary positions include TN, H-1B, J-2 with work authorization, F-1 Student with Optional Practical Training (OPT), and J-1 Student with Academic Training (A.T.). Please note that the majority of foreign nationals (e.g. J-1, H-1B) need a continuing appointment with the university for the duration of their immigration status.
The Post Doc position at NC State is considered temporary. Approximately half of the Post-Docs at NC State University are international. Other possible visa options for Post Docs include TN, H-1B, J-2 with work authorization, F-1 Student with Optional Practical Training (OPT), and J-1 Student with Academic Training (AT). Non-immigration support for Post Docs is available from the Office of Postdoctoral Affairs.
International scholars who will be coming to NC State based on their own funding or home institution support often have position titles such as ‘Visiting Scholar’ or ‘Visiting Researcher’. Other possible visa options for unpaid positions are J-2 with work authorization, F-1 Student with Optional Practical Training (OPT), and J-1 Student with Academic Training (A.T.). While visitor visa categories (B-1/B-2, etc.) may sometimes substitute, it is strongly preferred that all qualified visitors coming to NC State from overseas come under J-1 visa sponsorship.
An internship position is generally not an appropriate position type for a foreign national in the J-1 Research Scholar or Professor category. If you would like to invite a foreign national to do a (research) internship with your department, NC State has the J-1 Student Intern Program to help facilitate this process for you.
Permanent (Tenure Track) Positions
J-1 Scholars cannot be hired into permanent, tenure track, positions. Please direct all inquiries about permanent positions or employment visas (e.g., H-1B, TN, or green cards) as well as visitors on a B-1/B-2 visa to the International Employment Office in Human Resources.